ankle pain

Ankle pain is a joint discomfort that many individuals encounter in their daily lives. It manifests as a dull ache, sharp pain, or even throbbing sensations in the ankle joint. This type of pain can significantly hinder mobility and affect daily activities like walking, exercising, or even standing for prolonged periods. The discomfort may range from mild to severe, sometimes challenging to bear weight on the affected foot. Ankle pain often restricts movement and can be frustrating.

Common Causes of Ankle Pain

Sprains and Strains

Ankle sprains and strains are among the most common causes of ankle pain. A sprain occurs when the ligaments supporting the ankle stretch or tear. This occurs due to sudden twisting or turning of the foot. Strains, on the other hand, involve the muscles and tendons around the ankle joint. These injuries cause pain, swelling, and difficulty in walking.


An ankle fracture refers to a break or crack in one or more bones in the ankle. It usually occurs due to trauma or excessive force, such as during a fall, sports injury, or vehicular accidents. The pain is severe, and the ankle might appear deformed or swollen. Fractures necessitate immediate medical attention for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Achilles Tendinitis

This condition occurs due to overuse or repetitive stress on the Achilles tendon, which connects the calf muscles to the heel bone. It leads to pain and swelling along the back of the ankle. It’s often seen in runners or athletes involved in sports requiring sudden or intense movements.


Ankle arthritis is generally a result of wear and tear over time. Osteoarthritis, the most common form, causes pain, swelling, and stiffness in the ankle joint. Rheumatoid arthritis is another type that can affect the ankle, leading to chronic inflammation and discomfort.


Tendonitis is the inflammation of tendons in the ankle joint. It often occurs due to overuse, such as excessive running or walking. This condition causes pain, tenderness, and sometimes swelling in the affected area.


Bursitis occurs when the bursae, small fluid-filled sacs that cushion and reduce friction between bones and tendons, become inflamed. The pain and tenderness caused by bursitis can restrict movement and cause discomfort, especially during ankle movement or pressure.

Symptoms of Ankle Pain

Pain and Discomfort

Ankle pain is often felt as aching, soreness, or sharp discomfort. The severity can range from mild to severe and may occur during movement, while standing, or at rest. The pain can arise from various causes, such as sprains, fractures, or overuse injuries.

Swelling and Inflammation

Swelling around the ankle joint is a common symptom of ankle pain. This inflammation can occur due to injuries, arthritis, or underlying medical conditions, making it challenging to wear shoes or walk comfortably.

Redness and Warmth

Ankle pain accompanied by redness or warmth in the affected area often indicates inflammation. It could be due to an infection or other conditions affecting the joint or surrounding tissues.

Limited Range of Motion

Ankle pain can restrict the joint’s movement, making it challenging to flex or extend the foot properly. This limitation might hinder walking, running, or performing daily activities.

Instability and Weakness

Ankle pain can lead to instability or a feeling of weakness in the affected joint. This might affect balance and the ability to put weight on the ankle without discomfort or fear of further injury.


Physical Examination

Our podiatrists will examine the ankle to assess the area for signs of swelling, tenderness, or deformity. They also evaluate the ankle’s range of motion and stability to identify potential causes.

Imaging Tests

X-rays are commonly used to detect fractures or dislocations in the ankle bones. MRI or CT scans provide more detailed images and can identify soft tissue injuries, such as ligament or tendon damage. These imaging tests aid in confirming the diagnosis and understanding the extent of the injury or condition.


An ultrasound scan evaluates soft tissue injuries, such as tendon or ligament damage. It uses sound waves to create images of the affected area and helps diagnose conditions affecting these structures.

Blood Tests

In some cases, blood tests might be ordered to rule out conditions like arthritis or infections that could contribute to ankle pain. Blood tests can help in identifying underlying medical conditions.

Electromyography (EMG)

An EMG test might be utilized if nerve damage is suspected. This test measures the electrical activity in the muscles, helping to determine nerve function or detect nerve-related issues causing ankle pain.

Treatment Options

Rest and Elevation

Resting the affected ankle is crucial to allow the injured area to heal. Elevating the ankle above heart level reduces swelling and pain by improving blood circulation.

Ice Therapy (Cold Compress)

Applying a cold compress or ice pack to the ankle reduces inflammation and relieves pain. It’s essential to place a barrier between the ice pack and the skin to prevent frostbite and use it intermittently for 15-20 minutes.

Compression Bandages

Wrapping the ankle with an elastic bandage helps control swelling and supports the injured area. Compression bandages should be snug but not too tight to avoid restricting blood flow.

Pain Relievers (NSAIDs)

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen or naproxen can help reduce pain and inflammation. It’s crucial to follow the recommended dosage and not use these medications for an extended period without a doctor’s advice.

Physical Therapy

For severe or chronic ankle pain, physical therapy is beneficial. It involves exercises to strengthen the ankle muscles, improve flexibility, and enhance stability. Physical therapy aids in preventing future injuries and promotes long-term recovery.

Ankle Braces or Supports

Ankle braces or supports can provide added stability and prevent reinjury during activities. These devices can be helpful during the healing process or as a preventive measure.

Immobilization (Casting or Splinting)

Severe ankle injuries may require immobilization using a cast or splint. This method restricts movement and supports the ankle during the healing process. It’s essential to follow the doctor’s instructions regarding the duration of immobilization.


For ankle pain related to severe injuries, such as fractures, torn ligaments, or damage requiring repair, surgery might be necessary. Surgery aims to reconstruct damaged ligaments or stabilize fractures.

If you suffer from ankle pain and need an expert, contact Bayshore Podiatry. Our experienced team will understand your concern and address all your needs. Focusing on a patient-centric approach ensures personalized care that emphasizes effective and timely recovery. We always ensure that each patient receives the best possible care. To get in touch with us, just call 813-877-6636.

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