A bunion is a bony outgrowth that can develop at the base of the big toe joint. This is a type of foot deformity and can be painful. The skin around it may become red, inflamed, thickened, and callused. Your big toe may begin to push on your second toe and point towards the little toes instead of straight ahead. Your big toe joint can even become stiff and difficult to move. Since they tend to worsen with time, seeking treatment is strongly suggested. In its early stages, a bunion can be treated by wearing wider, padded shoes or orthotic devices. Ones that have progressed may need to be treated surgically. If you have painful bunions, please seek the care of a podiatrist.
If you are suffering from bunions, contact one of the podiatrists of Bayshore Podiatry Center. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
What Is a Bunion?
A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.
Why Do Bunions Form?
Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary
Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing ones
How Are They Diagnosed?
Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.
How Are They Treated?
- Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
- Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
- Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
- Orthotics or foot inserts
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Tampa, FL. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.